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Exogenous 2-aminoethanol can diminish paraquat induced oxidative stress in barley (Hordeum vulgare L.)

Mascher, R., Fischer, S., Scheiding, W., Neagoe, A., Bergmann, H.
Plant growth regulation 2005 v.45 no.2 pp. 103-112
Hordeum vulgare, barley, cell membranes, paraquat, application rate, oxidative stress, stress tolerance, fatty acids, oxidation, reactive oxygen species, glutathione, metabolism, antioxidants, catalase, superoxide dismutase, enzyme activity
Effects of unfavourable environmental conditions (stresses) induce stressor specific and unspecific short- and long-term responses in plants. Long-term responses depend on intensity and duration of the stress. Short-term effects comprise the accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), membrane damages by the oxidation of fatty acids, and the release of amino alcohols. They can incite higher stress tolerance in plants. In the present study, shoots of barley (Hordeum vulgare) were pre-treated with 2-aminoethanol, and, 2 days later, with the oxidative stress inducing herbicide, paraquat. Pre-treatments with 2-aminoethanol increased the stress tolerance in barley by the stabilization of the cell membranes, the enhanced production of superoxide dismutase and catalase, and the stimulation of glutathione metabolism (GSH, GST). These mechanisms of stress tolerance activation by 2-aminoethanol are discussed.