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Fatty acid profile as a discriminatory tool for the origin of lamb muscle and adipose tissue from different pastoral grazing areas in North Macedonia – A short communication

Vasilev, Dragan, Dimovska, Nina, Hajrulai-Musliu, Zehra, Teodorović, Vlado, Nikolić, Aleksandra, Karabasil, Nedjeljko, Dimitrijević, Mirjana, Mirilović, Milorad
Meat science 2020 v.162 pp. 108020
adipose tissue, crossbreds, discriminant analysis, fatty acid composition, fatty acids, grazing, lambs, males, meat, muscle tissues, muscles, pastoralism, pastures, provenance, rearing, spring, Republic of North Macedonia
The fatty acid (FA) profiles of lamb muscle and adipose tissue originating from ten different grazing areas in North Macedonia and an assessment of whether the meat origin could be distinguished on the basis of FA profile are presented. Muscle and adipose tissues of three-month-old male lambs (crossbreds of autochthonous Ovcepolian and Württemberg) reared on spring pastures were studied. Statistically significant differences in the individual FA contents, FA groups and FA ratios were observed between lamb tissues from the different geographic regions. Canonical discriminant analysis showed there was a significant linear divergence between tissues from almost all examined regions. The greatest weight in the differentiation of the different areas showed fatty acid ratios, C18:3n3, C18:1n9c and C20:5n3 for the muscle tissue, as well as C18:1n9c, C18:2n6c, C16:1 and C17:1 for the adipose tissue. This showed that the FA composition of muscle and adipose tissue obtained from lambs reared on pasture could serve as a useful indicator to aid differentiation of its geographic origin but it should be confirmed through further replicated studies.