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Improving the gel properties of transgenic microbial transglutaminase cross-linked soybean-whey mixed protein by ultrasonic pretreatment

Cui, Qiang, Wang, Guorong, Gao, Da, Wang, Lin, Zhang, Anqi, Wang, Xibo, Xu, Ning, Jiang, Lianzhou
Process biochemistry 2020 v.91 pp. 104-112
crosslinking, fluorescence emission spectroscopy, gels, genetically modified organisms, hardness, hydrophobicity, particle size, polypeptides, protein sources, protein structure, protein-glutamine gamma-glutamyltransferase, soy protein, ultrasonic treatment, ultrasonics, water holding capacity
This study investigated the effect of microbial transglutaminase cross-linking on the gel properties of soybean-whey mixed protein (SPI-WPI) after ultrasonic pretreatment. The average particle size of SPI-WPI decreased with increasing of ultrasonic time treatment, and minimal particle size was verified after 45 min. Endogenous fluorescence spectroscopy and surface hydrophobicity analysis showed that the SPI-WPI conformation changed after ultrasonic treatment. The polypeptide chain partially expanded inside the protein molecule, the hydrophobic group was exposed, and the protein structure became more stretched. The gel hardness and water holding capacity of the SPI-WPI hybrid system reached a maximum 30 min after ultrasonic treatment. Fourier infrared analysis showed that the secondary structure of the protein changed after ultrasonic modification. A complex is formed between SPI and WPI, and the gel properties of the mixed protein are significantly improved, providing theoretical and technical support for the development of new mixed protein foods.