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Structurally controlled synthesis of calcium sulphate dihydrate from industrial wastes of spent sulphuric acid and limestone

Kamarou, Maksim, Kuzmenkov, Mikhail, Korob, Natalia, Kwapinski, Witold, Romanovski, Valentin
Environmental technology & innovation 2020 v.17 pp. 100582
calcium carbonate, calcium sulfate, crystals, exposure duration, filtration, gypsum, industrial wastes, limestone, raw materials, sulfuric acid
All types of gypsum binders are obtained mainly from the natural gypsum and man-made products. As a sustainable analogue of these materials, synthetic gypsum as a product of spent dilute sulphuric acid and calcium carbonate was proposed. We investigated the effect of various technological parameters on the production of calcium sulphate dihydrate particles with a given morphology. The sizes of calcium sulphate dihydrate crystals with optimal values of technological parameters and exposure time up to 4.5 h increased from 18 to 28 μm and combined into agglomerates with sizes that mostly lie in the range from 200 to 600 μm. Synthesized calcium sulphate crystals acquiring a prismatic shape instead of a needle shape which simplified and accelerated the industrial filtration process. Our study shows that a promising sustainable and cheap source of gypsum-containing raw materials is synthetic gypsum, obtained by reacting a suspension of calcium carbonate and spent sulphuric acid.