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Implications of the variation in bloom properties of red meat: A review

Jacob, Robin
Meat science 2020 v.162 pp. 108040
color, enzyme activity, enzymes, genotype, intrinsic factors, mitochondria, muscles, oxygen consumption, oxygen partial pressure, pH, rapid methods, red meat, slicing, temperature, vitamin E
This review aimed to examine the literature about blooming to determine any practical implications for meat colour and colour stability. Blooming is critical to surface colour in addition to pigment and achromatic factors and causes meat to become lighter (higher L*) and redder (higher a*) due to the formation of oxymyoglobin (OMb). Bloom depth of red meat varies in the range of about 1-12 mm due to a range of extrinsic factors notably oxygen partial pressure, temperature and time post slicing. A range of intrinsic factors also affect bloom acting via the oxygen consumption rate of mitochondria and metmyoglobin (MMb) reductase activity post mortem, such as post mortem age, muscle type, rigor temperature, ultimate pH (pHu), genotype and vitamin E status. These sources of variation have implications for measurement protocols and commercial applications for colour and colour stability. Development of a rapid method to measure bloom depth would enable assessment of bloom independently of surface colour.