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Elevation of long non-coding RNA GAS5 and knockdown of microRNA-21 up-regulate RECK expression to enhance esophageal squamous cell carcinoma cell radio-sensitivity after radiotherapy

Lin, Jing, Liu, Zewa, Liao, Shasha, Li, E., Wu, Xiaohua, Zeng, Wanting
Genomics 2019
apoptosis, cell proliferation, gene expression regulation, loss-of-function mutation, neoplasm cells, non-coding RNA, radiotherapy, squamous cell carcinoma, tissues, viability
Lately, lncRNAs have been proposed to function in the radio-sensitivity of tumor cells, yet the role of lncRNA GAS5 in that of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) has scarcely been studied. This study aims to examine GAS5's effects on ESCC cell radio-sensitivity.GAS5, miR-21 and RECK expression in radiation-sensitive and radiation-resistant ESCC tissues, and TE-1 and TE-1-R cells was determined. TE-1 and TE-1-R cells were treated with pcDNA-GAS5 or miR-21 inhibitors to figure out their roles in ESCC cell proliferation, radio-sensitivity, and apoptosis via gain- and loss-of-function experiments.We found underexpressed GAS5 and RECK, and overexpressed miR-21 in ESCC. GAS5 elevation and miR-21 inhibition reduced viability and the colony formation ability, and enhanced the apoptosis of ESCC cells under radiation.Our study reveals that GAS5 elevation up-regulates RECK expression by down-regulating miR-21 to increase ESCC cell apoptosis after radiation therapy, thus enhancing cell radio-sensitivity.