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Function of c-type cytochromes of Shewanella xiamenensis in enhanced anaerobic bioreduction of Cr(VI) by graphene oxide and graphene oxide/polyvinyl alcohol films

Li, Yixin, Chen, Zheng, Shi, Yanyan, Luo, Qingliu, Wang, Yiming, Wang, Honghui, Peng, Yajuan, Wang, Haitao, He, Ning, Wang, Yuanpeng
Journal of hazardous materials 2020 v.387 pp. 122018
Shewanella, chromium, cytochromes, gene expression regulation, gene overexpression, genes, graphene, graphene oxide, polyvinyl alcohol
Graphene-based materials have been demonstrated to facilitate electron extracellular transfer (EET) of Shewanella. In this study, compared to group lacking graphene oxide (GO)-based materials, GO films-added group and graphene oxide/polyvinyl alcohol (GO/PVA) film-added group delivered 2.67- and 3.13-fold increases in the Cr(VI) reduction by Shewanella xiamenensis, respectively. The whole reduction process could be divided into three stages, including microbial Cr(VI) reduction and GO reduction stage, microbial GO reduction stage and microbial Cr(VI) reduction mediated by reduced graphene oxide (rGO) stage. Moreover, gene analysis revealed that addition of GO and GO/PVA films stimulated overexpression of several c-type cytochrome (c-Cyts) genes, including mtrA, mtrB, mtrC, mtrD, mtrE, mtrF, omcA, petC and SO-4047. Specifically, appreciable Cr(VI) reduction by the strains that overexpressed mtrA, mtrB, mtrC, mtrD, mtrE, mtrF and omcA further confirmed that overexpression of c-Cyts genes indeed enhanced the efficiency of Cr(VI) reduction. Based on these results, the specific function of every c-Cyt was clearly found in Cr(VI) reduction by the induction of GO-based materials. Our finding has disclosed a synergetic mechanism stimulated by GO-based materials to enhance Cr(VI) bioreduction that was not only mediated through the modification of material but also upregulated the expression of functional genes.