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QTL mapping of adult plant resistance to stripe rust and leaf rust in a Fuyu 3/Zhengzhou 5389 wheat population

Gebrewahid, Takele Weldu, Zhang, Peipei, Zhou, Yue, Yan, Xiaocui, Xia, Xianchun, He, Zhonghu, Liu, Daqun, Li, Zaifeng
The crop journal 2020 v.8 no.4 pp. 655-665
Triticum, breeding programs, chromosome mapping, crop production, disease resistance, genetic background, genotyping, inbred lines, leaf rust, loci, marker-assisted selection, mature plants, microsatellite repeats, parents, quantitative trait loci, single nucleotide polymorphism, stripe rust, wheat, China
Stripe or yellow rust (YR) and leaf rust (LR) cause large losses in wheat production worldwide. Resistant cultivars curtail the levels of losses. The present study aimed to identify quantitative trait loci (QTL) for YR and LR resistance in 147 F₂:₆ recombinant inbred lines (RIL) derived from the cross Fuyu 3/Zhengzhou 5389. The RIL population and parents were genotyped with the Wheat55K single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) array and simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers. All materials were also phenotyped for YR severity at Mianyang in Sichuan province and Baoding in Hebei province in the 2015/2016, 2016/2017, and 2017/2018 cropping seasons, and LR severity at Zhoukou in Henan province and at Baoding in 2017/2018. Eleven QTL for YR resistance and five for LR resistance were detected using inclusive composite interval mapping (IciMapping). Four of these QTL on chromosomes 1BL, 2BS, 3AL, and 5AL conferred resistance to both YR and LR. The QTL on 1BL was Lr46/Yr29, and that on 7BL might be Lr68. The QTL on chromosome 2BS was detected at a similar position to previously detected loci. QYr.hebau-3AL/QLr.hebau-3AL, QYr.hebau-5AL/QLr.hebau-5AL, QYr.hebau-7DL, QYr.hebau-4BS, QYr.hebau-6DL, and QYr.hebau-2AS are likely to be new. An SSR marker for QYr.hebau-7DL was developed and validated in a diverse wheat panel from China, suggesting effectiveness in different genetic backgrounds. These QTL with closely linked SNP and SSR markers could be useful for marker-assisted selection in wheat breeding programs targeting durable resistance to both diseases.