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Biomonitoring potential of the native aquatic plant Typha domingensis by predicting trace metals accumulation in the Egyptian Lake Burullus

Eid, Ebrahem M., Galal, Tarek M., Shaltout, Kamal H., El-Sheikh, Mohamed A., Asaeda, Takashi, Alatar, Abdulrahman A., Alfarhan, Ahmed H., Alharthi, Awad, Alshehri, Ali M.A., Picó, Yolanda, Barcelo, Damia
The Science of the total environment 2020 v.714 pp. 136603
Typha domingensis, bioaccumulation factor, cadmium, clay, clay fraction, cobalt, environmental monitoring, growing season, indigenous species, iron, lakes, lead, macrophytes, models, nickel, organic matter, pH, phytoremediation, plant tissues, pollution, prediction, regression analysis, rhizomes, sediment properties, silt, silver, zinc
The ability of the native emergent macrophytes Typha domingensis for monitoring pollution with trace metals in Egyptian Lake Burullus was investigated through developing regression models for predicting their concentrations in the plant tissues. Plant samples (above-ground shoot and below-ground root and rhizome) as well as sediment samples were collected monthly during one growing season and analyzed. The association of trace metals concentration with several sediment characteristics (pH, organic matter, clay and silt) was also studied using the simple linear correlation coefficient (r). The concentration of some trace metals was significantly proportional to its values in the sediment such as Cd in the shoot, rhizome and root, Fe in the rhizome, and Ag in the root. There was positive relationship between the bioaccumulation factor (BAF) of Ag, Cd, Fe, Pb and Zn and sediment pH, organic matter and clay content. The developed regression models were significantly valid with high model efficiency and coefficient of determination, and low mean normalized average error. Trace metals were accumulated in the below-ground root and rhizome rather than in the shoot. Only Ag, Co and Ni provided bioaccumulation factor (BAF) < 1, while Ag was the only trace metal that could be transferred to some extend from the root to the rhizome and from there to the shoot [translocation factor (TF) 2.55 and 1.15, respectively]. Typha domingensis in Lake Burullus could be regarded as a bioindicator of trace metals pollution, and a good candidate as phytoremediator for Ag. The information on the phytoremediation capacity of T. domingensis certainly helps to solve contamination problems at Egyptian Lake Burullus region using this native plant.