Main content area

Biodegradable organic matter-containing ammonium wastewater treatment through simultaneous partial nitritation, anammox, denitrification and COD oxidization process

Guo, Yan, Niu, Qigui, Sugano, Takumi, Li, Yu-You
The Science of the total environment 2020 v.714 pp. 136740
ammonium, ammonium nitrogen, anaerobic ammonium oxidation, bacteria, biodegradability, biofilm, carbon nitrogen ratio, chemical oxygen demand, denitrification, fluorescence in situ hybridization, heterotrophs, nitrogen, organic matter, sludge, wastewater, wastewater treatment
For both nitrogen and COD removal from biodegradable organic matter (BOM)-containing ammonium wastewater, the simultaneous partial nitritation, anammox, denitrification and COD oxidization (SNADCO) process is a promising solution. In this study, with the stable influent ammonium concentration of 250.0 mg/L (nitrogen loading rate of 0.5 kg/m³/d) and the variation of influent COD/NH₄⁺-N (C/N) ratio from 0.0 to 1.6, the performance of the SNADCO process in a one-stage carrier-packing airlift reactor with continuous mode was investigated for the first time. The results showed that until the C/N ratio of 0.8, both the well nitrogen and COD removal targets could be reached. Mass balance calculations indicated that the average nitrogen removal efficiency (NRE) of 80.9% achieved at the C/N ratio of 0.8 were due to both the anammox and denitrification pathways. Correspondingly, the achieved average COD removal efficiency of 94.6% was attributed to both the denitrification and COD oxidization pathways. Based on the specific sludge activity tests and Fluorescence in Situ Hybridization observation, anammox and denitrification bacteria were mainly distributed in the biofilm sludge, while ammonium oxidizing bacteria and ordinary heterotrophic organisms were mainly in the suspended sludge. At the C/N ratio of 1.6, the washout of suspended sludge became serious while the biofilm sludge was well retained, resulting in inefficient nitritation and a subsequent decrease in NRE. The microbial interaction analysis provided a clear explanation of the performance change of the SNADCO process under different C/N ratios. This research enriches the knowledge of the SNADCO process in BOM-containing ammonium wastewater treatment.