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A genetic linkage map for azuki bean [Vigna angularis (Willd.) Ohwi & Ohashi]

Han, O.K., Kaga, A., Isemura, T., Wang, X.W., Tomooka, N., Vaughan, D.A.
Theoretical and applied genetics 2005 v.111 no.7 pp. 1278-1287
Vigna angularis var. angularis, Vigna, interspecific hybridization, backcrossing, chromosome mapping, restriction fragment length polymorphism, microsatellite repeats, amplified fragment length polymorphism, genetic markers, linkage groups, loci
To make progress in genome analysis of azuki bean (Vigna angularis) a genetic linkage map was constructed from a backcross population of (V. nepalensis x V. angularis) x V.angularis consisting of 187 individuals. A total of 486 markers-205 simple sequence repeats (SSRs), 187 amplified fragment length polymorphisms (AFLPs) and 94 restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs) -were mapped onto 11 linkage groups corresponding to the haploid chromosome number of azuki bean. This map spans a total length of 832.1 cM with an average marker distance of 1.85 cM and is the most saturated map for a Vigna species to date. In addition, RFLP markers from other legumes facilitated finding several orthologous linkage groups based on previously published RFLP linkage maps. Most SSR primers that have been developed from SSR-enriched libraries detected a single locus. The SSR loci identified are distributed throughout the azuki bean genome. This moderately dense linkage map equipped with many SSR markers will be useful for mapping a range of useful traits such as those related to domestication and stress resistance. The mapping population will be used to develop advanced backcross lines for high resolution QTL mapping of these traits.