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The effects of add-on self-care education on quality of life and fatigue in gastrointestinal cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy
- Xie, Jun, Zhu, Tingli, Lu, Qun, Xu, Xiaomin, Cai, Yinghua, Xu, Zhenghong
- BMC complementary medicine and therapies 2020 v.20 no.1 pp. 15
- adverse effects, cognition, computer software, data analysis, demographic statistics, drug therapy, education programs, gastrointestinal neoplasms, nausea, patients, quality of life, questionnaires, surveys, vomiting
- BACKGROUND: Gastrointestinal cancer is one of the most common malignancies and imposes heavy burdens on both individual health and social economy. We sought to survey the effect of a self-care education program on quality of life and fatigue in gastrointestinal cancer patients who received chemotherapy. METHODS: Ninety-one eligible gastrointestinal cancer patients were enrolled in this study and 86 valid samples were analyzed. Data were acquired with a demographics questionnaire, endpoint multidimensional questionnaire and the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) quality of life questionnaire QLQ-C30. The collected data were analyzed using SPSS software. RESULTS: The self-care education intervention significantly improved the quality of life with respect to emotional function (p = 0.018), role function (p = 0.041), cognitive function (p = 0.038) and alleviated side effects such as nausea/vomiting (p = 0.028) and fatigue (p = 0.029). Further analysis demonstrated that the self-care education benefited total fatigue, affective fatigue and cognitive fatigue in gastrointestinal cancer patients regardless of baseline depression. CONCLUSION: Our results suggested the beneficial effects of the self-care education in both quality of life and anti-fatigue in gastrointestinal cancer patients under chemotherapy. The self-care education could be considered as a complementary approach during combination chemotherapy in gastrointestinal cancer patients.