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Parkin overexpression attenuates Aβ-induced mitochondrial dysfunction in HEK293 cells by restoring impaired mitophagy
- Wang, Hongmei, Zhang, Ting, Ge, Xuhua, Chen, Jingjiong, Zhao, Yuwu, Fu, Jianliang
- Life sciences 2020 v.244 pp. 117322
- Alzheimer disease, Western blotting, dyes, membrane potential, mitochondria, mitochondrial membrane, mitophagy, therapeutics
- Mitochondrial dysfunction is an early prominent feature of Alzheimer's disease (AD). In the present study, we sought to investigate whether defective mitophagy is tightly related to amyloid-β (Aβ)-induced mitochondrial dysfunction.Immunofluorescence, western blot and transmission electron microscopy were used to examine mitophagy. Mitochondrial membrane potential was assessed using the JC-1 dye. Mitochondrial ROS was detected using MitoSOX™ Red staining.Aβ induced mitochondrial dysfunction in HEK293 cells. Moreover, Aβ induced an increase in parkin translocation to mitochondria and led to a drastic reduction in cytosolic parkin. Furthermore, Aβ-treated cells displayed a microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 (LC3) punctate pattern and elevated mitochondrial LC3-II levels, suggesting the upregulation of mitophagy. Notably, Aβ induced the accumulation of mitochondrial p62, which was associated with impaired mitophagy. In addition, Aβ-treated cells exhibited fragmented or swollen mitochondria with severely decreased cristae. We then investigated whether overexpression of parkin could protect cells against Aβ-induced mitochondrial dysfunction. Interestingly, parkin overexpression inhibited Aβ-induced mitochondrial dysfunction. Besides, parkin overexpression increased cytosolic and mitochondrial parkin levels as well as mitochondrial LC3-II levels in Aβ-treated cells. Additionally, parkin overexpression reversed the accumulation of p62 in mitochondria, indicating that parkin overexpression restored impaired mitophagy in Aβ-treated cells. Importantly, parkin overexpression remarkably reversed Aβ-induced mitochondrial fragmentation.Our data demonstrate that overexpression of parkin ameliorates impaired mitophagy and promotes the removal of damaged mitochondria in Aβ-treated cells, indicating that upregulation of parkin-mediated mitophagy may be a potential strategy for the therapy of AD.