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Capping proteins regulate fungal development, DON‐toxisome formation and virulence in Fusarium graminearum
- Tang, Guangfei, Chen, Ahai, Dawood, Dawood H., Liang, Jingting, Chen, Yun, Ma, Zhonghua
- Molecular plant pathology 2020 v.21 no.2 pp. 173-187
- Fusarium graminearum, actin, cytoskeleton, deoxynivalenol, endocytosis, endoplasmic reticulum, fungi, hyphae, mutants, myosin, pathogens, sexual reproduction, virulence
- Deoxynivalenol (DON) is an important trichothecene mycotoxin produced by the cereal pathogen Fusarium graminearum. DON is synthesized in organized endoplasmic reticulum structures called toxisomes. However, the mechanism for toxisome formation and the components of toxisomes are not yet fully understood. In a previous study, we found that myosin I (FgMyo1)‐actin cytoskeleton participated in toxisome formation. In the current study, we identified two new components of toxisomes, the actin capping proteins (CAPs) FgCapA and FgCapB. These two CAPs form a heterodimer in F. graminearum, and physically interact with FgMyo1 and Tri1. The deletion mutants ΔFgcapA and ΔFgcapB and the double deletion mutant ΔΔFgcapA/B dramatically reduced hyphal growth, asexual and sexual reproduction and endocytosis. More importantly, the deletion mutants markedly disrupted toxisome formation and DON production, and attenuated virulence in planta. Collectively, these results suggest that the actin CAPs are associated with toxisome formation and contribute to the virulence and development of F. graminearum.