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Virulence of Leaf Rust Physiological Races in Iran From 2010 to 2017

Nemati, Zahra, Mostowfizadeh-Ghalamfarsa, Reza, Dadkhodaie, Ali, Mehrabi, Rahim, Steffenson, Brian J.
Plant disease 2020 v.104 no.2 pp. 363-372
Puccinia recondita, Triticum, barley, durum wheat, genetic distance, geographical distribution, host plants, leaf rust, oats, pathotypes, plant pathogenic fungi, ploidy, resistance genes, triticale, virulence, Iran, Middle East
The wheat leaf rust fungus, Puccinia triticina, has widespread geographical distribution in Iran within the Fertile Crescent region of the Middle East where wheat was domesticated and P. triticina originated. Therefore, it is of great importance to identify the prevalence and distribution of P. triticina pathotypes in this area. From 2010 to 2017, 241 single-uredinium isolates of P. triticina were purified from 175 collections of P. triticina made from various hosts in 14 provinces of Iran, and they were tested on 20 Thatcher near-isogenic lines carrying single-leaf rust resistance genes. In total, 86 pathotypes were identified, of which the pathotypes FDTTQ, FDKPQ, FDKTQ, and FDTNQ were most prevalent. No virulence for Lr2a was detected, whereas virulence for Lr1 was found only on bread wheat in a few provinces in 2016. Only isolates from durum wheat and wild barley were virulent to Lr28. Although virulence for Lr9, Lr20, and Lr26 was observed in some years, the virulence frequency for these genes was lower than that of the other Lr genes. P. triticina collections from host plants with different ploidy levels or genetically dissimilar backgrounds were grouped individually according to genetic distance. Based on these results, collections from barley, durum wheat, oat, triticale, and wild barley were different from those of bread wheat.