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Social pathology of brain drain in Yazd Province, Iran: A grounded theory approach

Fallah Haghighi, Negin, Bijani, Masoud, Parhizkar, Morteza
GeoJournal 2020 v.85 no.1 pp. 93-106
data analysis, experts, human resources, interviews, managers, models, occupations, society, Iran
Brain drain has direct and indirect impacts on the progress and development of societies. Thus, the efforts to preserve and employ the skilled workers are one of the priorities in today’s societies. In order to avoid the brain drain phenomenon, the causes and consequences should be detected prior to taking any actions. This study aimed to analyze the causes and consequences of the brain drain and its effects on the development of human resources in Yazd Province, Iran using the qualitative paradigms and grounded theory principles. Research data were collected with semi-structured in-depth interviews. The interviewees consisted of experts, skilled workers, and provincial managers of human resources in Yazd Province who were most knowledgeable about the phenomenon under study (n = 45). They were selected by purposive sampling. Data were analyzed by continuous data analysis and Strauss and Corbin’s method. According to the findings, the following were considered as the secondary categories of their emigration: “Obstacles against providing the skilled workers with a proper workspace”, “poor regulations and parameters of skilled worker selection”, “poor facilities for the skilled workers”, “poor administration systems”, and “improper attitude towards the skilled workers”. The key causes derived by the principles of grounded theory were “inappropriate business climate” and “inability to preserve skilled worker”. Using these categories, a paradigm model is presented that consists of causal, contextual and intervening factors, strategies and consequence.