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Throughfall reduction diminished the enhancing effect of N addition on soil N leaching loss in an old, temperate forest
- Geng, Shicong, Chen, Zhijie, Ma, Shanshan, Feng, Yue, Zhang, Lei, Zhang, Junhui, Han, Shijie
- Environmental pollution 2020 v.261 pp. 114090
- Pinus koraiensis, ammonium nitrate, coniferous forests, dissolved organic nitrogen, drought, field experimentation, forest ecosystems, global change, leaching, lysimeters, rain, soil, temperate forests, throughfall
- Soil nitrogen (N) leaching is recognized to have negative effects on the environment. There is a lack of studies on different simultaneously occurring drivers of environmental change, including changing rainfall and N deposition, on soil N leaching. In this study, a two factorial field experiment was conducted in a Korean pine forest with the following four treatments: 30% of throughfall reduction (TR), 50 kg N ha⁻¹ yr⁻¹ of N addition (N+), throughfall reduction plus N addition (TRN+) and natural forest (CK). The zero-tension pan lysimeter method was used to assess the response of soil N leaching loss to manipulated N addition and throughfall reduction. The results showed that the soil N leaching loss in natural forest was 5.0 ± 0.4 kg N ha⁻¹yr⁻¹, of which dissolved organic nitrogen (DON) accounted for 48%. Compared to natural forest, six years of N addition (NH₄NO₃, 50 kg N ha⁻¹ year⁻¹) significantly (P < 0.05) increased soil N leaching losses by 122%, especially in the form of NO₃⁻; a 30% reduction in throughfall slightly decreased N leaching losses by 23%; in combination, N addition and throughfall reduction increased N leaching losses by 48%. There was a strong interaction between N addition and throughfall reduction, which decreased N leaching loss by approximately 2.5 kg N ha⁻¹ yr⁻¹. Our results indicated that drought would diminish the enhancing effect of N deposition on soil N leaching. These findings highlight the importance of incorporating both N deposition and precipitation and their impacts on soil N leaching into future N budget assessments of forest ecosystems under global environmental change.