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Functional meat starter cultures for improved sausage fermentation
- Leroy, F., Verluyten, J., Vuyst, L. de
- International journal of food microbiology 2006 v.106 no.3 pp. 270-285
- sausages, fermentation, fermented foods, starter cultures, lactic acid bacteria, probiotics, yeasts, molds (fungi), Gram-positive bacteria, nonpathogenic strains, coagulase negative staphylococci, process control, food processing quality, biosynthesis, flavor compounds, odor compounds, bacteriocins, Kocuria, conjugated linoleic acid, vitamin content, biogenic amines, food safety, toxic substances, sensory properties, taste, health foods
- Starter cultures that initiate rapid acidification of the raw meat batter and that lead to a desirable sensory quality of the end-product are used for the production of fermented sausages. Recently, the use of new, functional starter cultures with an industrially or nutritionally important functionality is being explored. Functional starter cultures offer an additional functionality compared to classical starter cultures and represent a way of improving and optimising the sausage fermentation process and achieving tastier, safer, and healthier products. Examples include microorganisms that generate aroma compounds, health-promoting molecules, bacteriocins or other antimicrobials, contribute to cured meat colour, possess probiotic qualities, or lack negative properties such as the production of biogenic amines and toxic compounds. The vast quantity of artisan fermented sausages from different origins represents a treasure chest of biodiversity that can be exploited to create such functional starter cultures.