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Implications from the grafting density and ionic capacity effects on protein adsorption to poly (N,N-dimethylaminopropyl acrylamide)-grafted sepharose FF

Li, Changsen, Li, Xianxiu, Liu, Yang, Sun, Yan
Biochemical engineering journal 2020 v.157 pp. 107546
acrylamides, adsorption, agarose, binding capacity, chromatography, diffusivity, feedstocks, ionic strength, polymers, resins, salt concentration, sodium chloride
Our previous study reported a novel protein ion-exchanger, N,N-dimethylaminopropyl acrylamide (DMAPAA)-grafted Sepharose FF, of very high protein adsorption capacity and uptake rate. To gain new insight into the polymer grafting effects on protein adsorption and chromatography, 18 DMAPAA-grafted anion exchangers of four grafting densities and various chain lengths (i.e., ionic capacities, ICs) were prepared and named as FF-Brx-pDMAPAAn (x represents grafting density and n stands for IC in mmol/L). It was found that an optimal IC existed at each grafting density to present a maximal capacity. Of the four optimal-IC resins, FF-Br3-pDMAPAA587 showed the highest capacity (377 mg/mL), but the protein uptake rate, defined as the ratio of effective pore diffusivity to free diffusivity (Dₑ/D₀), was smaller than the resin of a similar ionic capacity but lower grafting density (FF-Br2-pDMAPAA592). Consequently, the dynamic binding capacity (DBC) of FF-Br2-pDMAPAA592 was higher than that of FF-Br3-pDMAPAA587 at flow velocities higher than 450 cm/h. Moreover, FF-Br3-pDMAPAA587 showed higher adsorption capacity than FF-Br2-pDMAPAA592 at 0−150 mmol/L NaCl, leading to its higher DBC values as compared to FF-Br2-pDMAPAA592 in the same salt concentration range. Taken together, DMAPAA-grafted resins of different grafting densities would be useful for purifying feedstocks of different ionic strengths.