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Phospholipase D‐derived phosphatidic acid promotes root hair development under phosphorus deficiency by suppressing vacuolar degradation of PIN‐FORMED2

Lin, De‐Li, Yao, Hong‐Yan, Jia, Li‐Hua, Tan, Jin‐Fang, Xu, Zhi‐Hong, Zheng, Wen‐Ming, Xue, Hong‐Wei
Thenew phytologist 2020 v.226 no.1 pp. 142-155
Arabidopsis thaliana, absorption, auxins, mutants, phosphates, phospholipase D, phospholipases, phosphorus, plasma membrane, root hairs, vacuoles
Root hair development is crucial for phosphate absorption, but how phosphorus deficiency affects root hair initiation and elongation remains unclear. We demonstrated the roles of auxin efflux carrier PIN‐FORMED2 (PIN2) and phospholipase D (PLD)‐derived phosphatidic acid (PA), a key signaling molecule, in promoting root hair development in Arabidopsis thaliana under a low phosphate (LP) condition. Root hair elongation under LP conditions was greatly suppressed in pin2 mutant or under treatment with a PLDζ2‐specific inhibitor, revealing that PIN2 and polar auxin transport and PLDζ2‐PA are crucial in LP responses. PIN2 was accumulated and degraded in the vacuole under a normal phosphate (NP) condition, whereas its vacuolar accumulation was suppressed under the LP or NP plus PA conditions. Vacuolar accumulation of PIN2 was increased in pldζ2 mutants under LP conditions. Increased or decreased PIN2 vacuolar accumulation is not observed in sorting nexin1 (snx1) mutant, indicating that vacuolar accumulation of PIN2 is mediated by SNX1 and the relevant trafficking process. PA binds to SNX1 and promotes its accumulation at the plasma membrane, especially under LP conditions, and hence promotes root hair development by suppressing the vacuolar degradation of PIN2. We uncovered a link between PLD‐derived PA and SNX1‐dependent vacuolar degradation of PIN2 in regulating root hair development under phosphorus deficiency.