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Long term investigation of ¹³⁷Cs in chicken meat and eggs from northwest Croatia

Franić, Zdenko, Branica, Gina, Petrinec, Branko, Marović, Gordana
Journal of environmental science and health 2020 v.55 no.4 pp. 382-387
accidents, adults, cesium radioisotopes, chicken meat, chickens, eggs, half life, humans, monitoring, Croatia
This paper presents the results of long-term investigations of ¹³⁷Cs activity concentrations in chicken meat and eggs from northwest Croatia for the period 1987–2018. The research has been done as a part of monitoring program of radioactive contamination in Croatia. The highest activity concentrations in both of these foodstuffs were measured in 1987 and have been decreasing exponentially ever since. The Fukushima-Daiichi accident in 2011 did not cause any increase of ¹³⁷Cs activity concentrations. The ecological half-life for ¹³⁷Cs was estimated to be 8.0 and 8.4 years for chicken meat and eggs respectively. The correlation between ¹³⁷Cs in fallout and chicken meat as well as between ¹³⁷Cs in fallout and eggs is very good, the respective correlation coefficients being 0.79 and 0.72, indicating that fallout was the main source of ¹³⁷Cs contamination in both foodstuffs. The estimated effective doses received by adult members of the Croatian population due to the intake of radiocaesium by chicken meat and egg consumption for the overall observed period are very small, 2.0 and 0.6 µSv respectively. Therefore, chicken meat and chicken egg consumption was not a critical pathway for the transfer of radiocaesium to humans.