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General characterization of regeneration in Aeolosoma viride (Annelida, Aeolosomatidae)

Chen, Chiao‐Ping, Fok, Sheridan Ke-Wing, Hsieh, Yu‐Wen, Chen, Cheng‐Yi, Hsu, Fei‐Man, Chang, Yao‐Hsiang, Chen, Jiun‐Hong
Invertebrate biology 2020 v.139 no.1 pp. e12277
Annelida, asexual reproduction, cell movement, cell proliferation, invertebrates, mouth, tissue repair, tissues, vertebrates
Regeneration has long been the focus of scientific interest for its potential to restore lost, damaged, or aged tissues and organs. A wide range of regenerative studies have been conducted on different vertebrate and invertebrate model organisms. Annelids are known for their regenerative capacities, and because of their relatively complex organ systems, they are an ideal organism for regeneration study. Our present work focused on the freshwater annelid Aeolosoma viride, an asexually reproducing annelid capable of regenerating both anteriorly and posteriorly. Even though regenerative ability has been documented in this animal in previous studies, detailed characterization of the process is still unavailable. The objective of this study was to evaluate the regenerative ability of A. viride. We described the sequential morphological events during the process of regeneration, such as wound healing and the formation of blastema, mouth, and pygidium. In order to clarify the capacity and type of regeneration, we conducted a series of observations and experiments using a cell proliferation assay. Massive proliferation and the absence of cell migration indicated that the animal regenerates primarily through epimorphosis. Our study of the epimorphic regenerative process of A. viride provides a clearer picture of the evolutionary origin of regeneration in annelids.