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Fitness is improved by adjustments in muscle intracellular signaling in rats with renovascular hypertension 2K1C undergoing voluntary physical exercise

Lima, Taynara Carolina, Barbosa, Maria Andrea, Costa, Daniela Caldeira, Becker, Lenice Kappes, Cardoso, Leonardo Máximo, Alzamora, Andréia Carvalho
Life sciences 2020 v.250 pp. 117549
antagonists, blood, blood pressure, catalase, enzyme activity, exercise, ganglia, gastronomy, gene expression, hematologic tests, hypertension, kidneys, lactic acid, metabolism, muscles, physical fitness, rats, superoxide dismutase, surgery
To evaluate physical fitness and cardiovascular effects in rats with renovascular hypertension, two kidneys, one clip (2K1C) submitted to voluntary exercise (ExV).24 h after surgery (SHAM and 2K1C) rats were submitted to ExV for one week (adaptation). ExV adherent rats were separated into exercise (2K1C-EX and SHAM-EX) or sedentary (2K1C-SED and SHAM-SED) groups. After 4 weeks, exhaustion test, plasma lactate, cardiovascular parameters were evaluated and gastrocnemius muscle was removed for evaluation of gene expression of muscle metabolism markers (PGC1α; AMPK, SIRT-1, UCP-3; MCP-1; LDH) and of the redox process.ExV decreased blood lactate concentration and increased SOD and CAT activity and a SIRT-1 and UCP-3 gene expression in the gastrocnemius muscle of 2K1C-ExV rats compared to 2K1C-SED rats. Gene expressions of PGC1α, UCP-3, MCT-1, AMPK were higher in 2K1C-ExV rats compared to SHAM-SED rats. Blood pressure in 2K1C-ExV was lower compared to 2K1C-SED and higher in SHAM-SED rats. Reflex bradycardia in 2K1C-EX rats increased compared to 2K1C-SED and was similar to SHAM-SED. The variation in mean blood pressure induced by ganglion blocker hexamethonium and Ang II AT1 receptor antagonist, losartan in the 2K1C-ExV rats was smaller compared to the 2K1C-SED rats and it was similar to the SHAM-SED rats.O ExV induced adaptive responses in 2K1C-ExV rats by decreasing sympathetic and Ang II activities and stimulating intracellular signaling that favors redox balance and reduced blood lactate concentration. These adaptive responses, then, contribute to reduced arterial pressure, improved baroreflex sensitivity and physical fitness of 2K1C rats.