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Associations of Per-/Polyfluoroalkyl Substances with Glucocorticoids and Progestogens in Newborns

Liu, Hongxiu, Pan, Yitao, Jin, Shuna, Li, Yuanyuan, Zhao, Liuqing, Sun, Xiaojie, Cui, Qianqian, Zhang, Bin, Zheng, Tongzhang, Xia, Wei, Zhou, Aifen, Maria Campana, Anna, Dai, Jiayin, Xu, Shunqing
Environment international 2020 pp. 105636
17-hydroxyprogesterone, cortisol, cortisone, girls, humans, linear models, neonates, perfluorohexane sulfonic acid, perfluorooctane sulfonic acid, perfluorooctanoic acid, regression analysis, sulfonates, China
Exposure to per-/polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) can disrupt endocrine hormones in humans. Prior studies have focused on the harmful effects of the two traditional per-/polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs), perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) and perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA). Other PFASs, used as the replacements of PFOS and PFOA, are widely and increasingly detected in humans. Whether these replacements influence glucocorticoids and progestogens in newborns remains unknown.To investigate the associations between exposures of PFOS, PFOA and their replacements and glucocorticoids and progestogens in newborns.We measured the concentrations of 13 PFASs, 3 glucocorticoids (11-deoxycortisol, cortisol and cortisone) and 2 progestogens [progesterone, 17-hydroxyprogesterone (17OHP)] in the cord sera of 374 neonates in a birth cohort from Wuhan, China, between 2013 and 2014. We evaluated the associations of each PFAS with glucocorticoids and progestogens using multiple linear regression models, and multiple comparisons were additionally corrected via false discovery rates (FDR).Out of the 13 PFASs, 9 were detected in over 95% of cord sera. The Chinese specific PFOS replacement - 6:2 chlorinated polyfluorinated ether sulfonate (6:2 Cl-PFESA, trade name F-53B) was positively associated with 13.13% change in cortisol in girls (95% CI = 4.47%, 22.52%, for each IQR increase in 6:2 Cl-PFESA). Seven PFASs had positive associations with the precursor of cortisol, namely 11-deoxycortisol (percent change ranged from 6.41% to 11.24%, for each IQR increase in PFASs). Perfluorobutane sulfonate (PFBS) in cord sera was positively associated with progesterone in the linear model, whereas PFOS and perfluorohexane sulfonate (PFHxS) levels were associated with progesterone in the quartile models. No PFASs were related to 17OHP or cortisone.In this study, PFOS, PFOA and/or their replacements were positively associated with progesterone, cortisol and 11-deoxycortisol in newborns. These results suggested that not only PFOS and PFOA, but also other PFASs have potential impacts on glucocorticoids and progestogens in newborns.