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Multi-stimuli responsive mesoporous silica-coated carbon nanoparticles for chemo-photothermal therapy of tumor

Lu, Hongyan, Zhao, Qinfu, Wang, Xiudan, Mao, Yuling, Chen, Caishun, Gao, Yikun, Sun, Changshan, Wang, Siling
Colloids and surfaces 2020 v.190 pp. 110941
absorbance, biosecurity, cancer therapy, carbon quantum dots, disulfide bonds, doxorubicin, drug delivery systems, fever, fluorescent dyes, irradiation, nanocomposites, near-infrared spectroscopy, neoplasms, pH, permeability, photochemotherapy, photothermotherapy, porous media, protonation, silicon, thermography
In this work, a traceable dual-porous mesoporous silica-coated mesoporous carbon nanocomposite (MCN@Si) with high drug loading capacity and high photothermal conversion efficiency (30.5 %) was successfully prepared. Based on the nanocomposite, a pH/redox/near infrared (NIR) multi-stimuli responsive drug delivery system was constructed to realize the accurate drug delivery, drug controlled release and chemo-photothermal synergistic antitumor therapy. MCN@Si was used as a vehicle to load doxorubicin (DOX) with a high drug loading efficacy of 48.2 % and a NIR absorbance agent for photothermal therapy and NIR thermal imaging. Carbon dots (CDs) with proper size were covalently attached to the surface of MCN@Si via disulfide bonds to block the mesopores, preventing DOX premature release from DOX/MCN@Si-CDs. Besides, CDs were served as fluorescent probe to prove the visualization potential of the drug delivery system. DOX was rapidly released at the condition of low pH and high GSH concentration due to the breakage of disulfide bonds and protonation of DOX. Moreover, the local hyperthermia generated by MCN@Si-CDs under NIR irradiation could not only directly kill cells, but also accelerate DOX release and enhance cells sensitivity and permeability. Two-dimensional cells and three-dimensional tumor spheroids assays illustrated that DOX/MCN@Si-CDs + NIR group exhibited a superior thermochemotherapy synergistic treatment effect and the combination index (CI) was 0.378. Biodistribution study showed the biosecurity of preparations and its prolonged detention time in tumor sites. Besides, antitumor experiment in vivo also performed the excellent synergistic inhibition effect. All the results demonstrated that DOX/MCN@Si-CDs is a traceable multi-stimuli responsive nanodelivery system and can achieve efficient chemo-photothermal synergistic antitumor therapy.