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Beauveria bassiana and Metarhizium anisopliae Parasitism of Fall Webworm, Hyphantria cunea Drury¹ Larvae

De La Cruz Armas, Alejandro, Aguirre Uribe, Luis A., Hernández, Yolanda Hernández, Chavez, Ernesto Cerna, Fuentes, Yisa Ochoa, Flores, Mariano
TheSouthwestern entomologist 2020 v.45 no.1 pp. 51-56
Beauveria bassiana, Carya illinoinensis, Hyphantria cunea, Malus domestica, Metarhizium anisopliae, apples, insect pests, larvae, parasitism, pathogens, pecans, silk, trees
The fall webworm, Hyphantria cunea Drury, is a key insect pest of trees such as pecan, Carya illinoinensis (Wangenh.) K. Koch, and apple, Malus domestica Borkh., being difficult to control because of the silk web formed by the larval stage for protection. The objective of this research was to evaluate the effectiveness of Beauveria bassiana (Bals.-Criv.) Vuill. and Metarhizium anisopliae (Metchnikoff) Sorokin on webworm larvae. Three strains of each pathogen were collected from the Arteaga Coahila region, grown to concentrations of 1 × 10⁸ to 1 × 10⁴ CFU/ml, and inoculated on 4ᵗʰ-instar larvae under controlled conditions in a laboratory. Numbers of dead fall webworm were checked every 24 hours for 8 days. B. bassiana strains were most effective at controlling the pest at LT50 of 31.8 hours, while LT50 for M. anisopliae strains was 67.1 hours at a concentration of 1 × 10⁸ CFU/ml.