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Screening for and Identification of Starch-, Amylopectin-, and Pullulan-Degrading Activities in Bifidobacterial Strains

Ryan, Sinéad M., Fitzgerald, Gerald F., van Sinderen, Douwe
Applied and environmental microbiology 2006 v.72 no.8 pp. 5289-5296
intestinal microorganisms, Bifidobacterium breve, Bifidobacterium dentium, Bifidobacterium pseudolongum, Bifidobacterium infantis, Bifidobacterium thermophilum, carbohydrate metabolism, starch, amylopectin, pullulan, enzymatic hydrolysis, O-glycoside hydrolases, amylases, genes, nucleotide sequences, alpha-amylase, pullulanase
Forty-two bifidobacterial strains were screened for α-amylase and/or pullulanase activity by investigating their capacities to utilize starch, amylopectin, or pullulan. Of the 42 bifidobacterial strains tested, 19 were capable of degrading potato starch. Of these 19 strains, 11 were able to degrade starch and amylopectin, as well as pullulan. These 11 strains, which were shown to produce extracellular starch-degrading activities, included 5 strains of Bifidobacterium breve, 1 B. dentium strain, 1 B. infantis strain, 3 strains of B. pseudolongum, and 1 strain of B. thermophilum. Quantitative and qualitative enzyme activities were determined by measuring the concentrations of released reducing sugars and by high-performance thin-layer chromatography, respectively. These analyses confirmed both the inducible nature and the extracellular nature of the starch- and pullulan-degrading enzyme activities and showed that the five B. breve strains produced an activity that is consistent with type II pullulanase (amylopullulanase) activity, while the remaining six strains produced an activity with properties that resemble those of type III pullulan hydrolase.