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Pyrrhotite-sulfur autotrophic denitrification for deep and efficient nitrate and phosphate removal: Synergistic effects, secondary minerals and microbial community shifts
- Li, Ruihua, Wei, Dongyang, Wang, Wei, Zhang, Yongwei
- Bioresource technology 2020 v.308 pp. 123302
- Thiobacillus, denitrification, ions, iron, microbial communities, minerals, nitrate nitrogen, nitrates, nitrogen, phosphates, phosphorus, protons, sulfate-reducing bacteria, sulfur, synergism, wastewater
- Pyrrhotite-sulfur autotrophic denitrification (PSAD) system, using mixture of pyrrhotite and sulfur particle as electron donor, was studied through batch, column and pilot experiments. Treating synthetic secondary effluent at HRT 3 h, the PSAD system obtained the effluent with NO₃⁻-N 0.28 ± 0.14 mg·L⁻¹ and without PO₄³⁻-P to be detected. Thiobacillus was the most abundant autotrophic denitrification bacteria; autotrophic, heterotrophic and sulfate-reducing bacteria coexisted in the PSAD system; phosphate was mainly removed in forms of graftonite, dufrenite, ardealite. The H⁺ produced in the SAD could accelerate the PAD through promoting pyrrhotite dissolution, and iron ions produced in the PAD could accelerate the SAD through Fe³⁺/Fe²⁺ shuttle. Because of the synergistic effects between the pyrrhotite and sulfur, the PSAD system removed nitrate and phosphate deeply and efficiently. It is a promising way to meet the stringent nitrogen and phosphorus discharge standards and to recover phosphorus resources from wastewater.