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Impact of redox agents on the physico-chemistry of wheat gluten proteins during hydrothermal treatment

Lagrain, B., Brijs, K., Delcour, J.A.
Journal of cereal science 2006 v.44 no.1 pp. 49-53
wheat gluten, suspensions, water, hot water treatment, oxidants, potassium bromate, dithiothreitol, viscosity, gliadin, glutenins, crosslinking, extraction, detergents, sodium dodecyl sulfate
The impact of the oxidants potassium bromate and potassium iodate and the reducing agent dithiothreitol (DTT) on the rheological behaviour of 20% (w/v) gluten-in-water suspensions during thermal treatment was monitored with the rapid visco analyser (RVA). The suspensions were subjected to a linear temperature increase from 40 to 95 °C in 14 min, a holding step of 40 min at 95 °C, a cooling step (7 min) with a linear temperature decrease to 50 °C, and a final holding step at 50 °C (13 min). Potassium iodate (1.18 and 1.77 μmol/g protein) and potassium bromate (1.52 and 15.2 μmol/g protein) decreased RVA viscosities in the holding step and increased sodium dodecyl sulphate (SDS) protein extractabilities suggesting a greater heat resistance and decreased gliadin-glutenin cross-linking. In contrast, in the presence of DTT (1.65 and 3.30 μmol/g protein) RVA viscosity increased at lower temperatures and lowered SDS extractabilities. It is postulated that low concentrations of reducing agent facilitate gliadin-glutenin cross-linking during heating while oxidants hinder gluten polymerization due to decreased levels of free sulphydryl groups and less flexibility of the glutenin chains.