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The effect of sugar concentration and starter culture on instrumental and sensory textural properties of chorizo-Spanish dry-cured sausage

Gonzalez-Fernandez, C., Santos, E.M., Rovira, J., Jaime, I.
Meat science 2006 v.74 no.3 pp. 467-475
chorizo, dried meat, cured meats, fermented foods, sugar content, starter cultures, Lactobacillus sakei, Pediococcus, lactic acid bacteria, meat aging, glucose, pH, meat quality, physicochemical properties, sensory evaluation, texture, hardness, Spain
In this study, instrumental and sensory textural properties of chorizo with different levels of glucose (0.1%, 0.5% and 1.0%) and with different starter cultures (Lactobacillus sakei K29, Pediococcus sp. P22 and Pediococcus sp. P208) were studied as well as the relationship between them. The ripening process was followed by physico-chemical and microbiological analysis. Starter culture and concentration of glucose had a highly significant effect on pH, moreover an interactive effect of both factors was found; and also of day of ripening and both starter culture and concentration of glucose. In general terms, changes of pH over time are influenced by the presence of sugar and starter culture even if all chorizos showed at first a rapid decrease, a stay or slow decrease, and a final rise. Texture profile analysis (TPA) proved that hardness and chewiness differ significantly among chorizos with or without starter cultures, except in the batch with 0.1% sugar. Furthermore, the highest values in both textural parameters were found in batches with 0.5% and 1% sugar. The texture differences between chorizos just described were also noticeable in the sensorial evaluation. Likewise, instrumental textural attributes showed significant correlations with sensorial analysis.