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The Effect of Dose and Route of Administration of R-cloprostenol on the Parturient Response of Sows

Author:
Kaeoket, K.
Source:
Reproduction in domestic animals 2006 v.41 no.5 pp. 472-476
ISSN:
0936-6768
Subject:
parity (reproduction), oxytocin, litter weight, birth weight, application methods, fetal death, maternal behavior, dosage, cloprostenol, duration, sows, litter size, piglets, stereoisomers, farrowing
Abstract:
The aims of the present study were to further examine the efficacy of different doses and routes of R-cloprostenol administration on the parturition response in sows. Fifty crossbred multiparous sows (Landrace x Yorkshire) with an average parity number of 4.7 ± 2.4 were allocated to induce farrowing by one of the following treatments: Group I (control, n = 10) injection with normal saline 2 ml administered intramuscularly (i.m.); Group II (n = 10) injection with 75 μg of R-cloprostenol administered i.m. (at 7 [smallcapital am]);Group III (n = 10) injection with 75 μg of R-cloprostenol (at 7 [smallcapital am]) together with 10 IU of oxytocin (24 h after injection of R-cloprostenol) administered i.m.; Group IV (n = 10) injection with 37.5 μg of R-cloprostenol (at 7 [smallcapital am]) administered into perivulva region; Group V (n = 10) injection with 37.5 μg of R-cloprostenol (at 7 [smallcapital am]) administered into perivulva region together with 10 IU of oxytocin (24 h after injection of R-cloprostenol) administered i.m. The following parameters: pre-farrowing maternal behaviour, restless behaviour, R-cloprostenol or oxytocin injection to farrowing interval, expulsion intervals, duration of farrowing, total number of piglets born, litter birthweight, umbilical cord morphology and the degree of meconium staining were record. There were no significant differences among groups for the pre-farrowing maternal behaviours. In all the sows, the restless behaviour was not observed. There were no significant effect of oxytocin administration (10 IU, i.m.) on the percentage of umbilical cord morphology and the degree of meconium staining in different groups. There were no significant effect of route and dose of administration on the number of total piglet born, piglet born alive, stillbirth, mummy and litter birthweight. No significant effects of the different groups were found on the R-cloprostenol and oxytocin injection to farrowing interval, expulsion interval and farrowing duration. In conclusion, the present results demonstrated that a half dose (37.5 μg) of R-cloprostenol administered into the perivulva region was effective for inducing farrowing as the full recommended dose (75 μg) administered into the neck region (i.m.) and with no restless behaviour.
Agid:
689996