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Energy balance of Litopenaeus vannamei postlarvae fed on animal or vegetable protein based compounded feeds

Jimenez-Yan, L., Brito, A., Cuzon, G., Gaxiola, G., Garcia, T., Taboada, G., Soto, L.A., Brito, R.
Aquaculture 2006 v.260 no.1-4 pp. 337-345
Litopenaeus vannamei, shrimp, animal growth, shrimp culture, energy balance, energy metabolism, feeds, feed composition, dietary protein, plant source protein, plant protein concentrates, soy protein, Spirulina, wheat gluten, wheat starch, animal source protein, fish meal, squid, animal protein concentrates, dietary carbohydrate
L. vannamei postlarvae are normally raised with a protein dense diet (50% protein) rich in fishmeal. Part of the protein is utilized for energy purpose instead of protein synthesis. Based on a previous energy partitioning study, the effects of two isoenergetic compounded feed treatments -- animal protein (AP) and vegetable protein and carbohydrates (VPC) -- upon growth efficiency and energy budget of shrimp postlarvae and early juveniles were determined. Recovered energy (RE) or production (P) after 50 days trial was similar (2 J day-1) in both treatments, from PL14 to PL19. However, early juveniles discriminated between animal protein (116 J day-1) and vegetable protein and carbohydrates (88 J day-1). The difference in respiration indicated a higher heat increment with AP compared to VPC. At maintenance level, energy used was lower with AP than VPC treatment. Postlarvae and early juveniles employed protein as a main energy substrate (O:N < 20). Differences in the efficiencies observed in the calculated energy budget were attributed to the presence of carbohydrates in diet and not to the protein source. The advantage of incorporating vegetable protein source in the diet of harvesting shrimp may eventually contribute towards a reduction of fishmeal costs and waste products as well as to achieve sustainable shrimp farming.