Main content area

Coupled use of Fe-impregnated biochar and urea-hydrogen peroxide to simultaneously reduce soil–air emissions of fumigant and improve crop growth

Qin, Jiaolong, Ashworth, Daniel J., Yates, Scott R., Shen, Guoqing
Journal of hazardous materials 2020 v.396 pp. 122762
1,3-dichloropropene, air pollution, air quality, bioassays, biochar, cis-trans isomers, electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy, emissions, free radicals, greenhouses, hydrogen peroxide, hydroxyl radicals, iron, lettuce, mixing, oxidants, soil fumigants, superoxide anion, urea, volatile organic compounds
Reducing the emissions of soil fumigants such as 1,3-dichloropropene (1,3-D) is essential to protecting air quality. Although biochar is useful in reducing such emissions, biochar-adsorbed fumigants may desorb and cause secondary air pollution. This study investigated the degradation of 1,3-D on iron (Fe)-impregnated biochar (FBC) amended with urea-hydrogen peroxide (UHP). The results indicated the degradation rate of trans-1,3-D on FBC-UHP was 54-fold higher than that on pristine biochar (PBC). Electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) combined with other characterization methods revealed that the presence of semiquinone-type radicals in FBC effectively accelerated the Fe(III)/Fe(II) cycleto maintain enough Fe(IIII) for UHP activation and ·OH generation. ·OH, rather than ·O₂⁻, was the dominant active oxidant. Soil column tests showed that application of FBC to the soil surface reduced cumulative 1,3-D emissions from 34.80 % (bare soil) to 0.81%. After the column experiment, the mixing of the FBC with UHP resulted in the residual cis-isomers decreasing from 32.5% to 10.5%. Greenhouse bioassays showed that mixing post-1,3-D degradation FBC-UHP with soil significantly promoted lettuce growth relative to PBC. The findings of this study provide a new approach for biochar application, especially for the emission reduction of hazardous volatile organic compounds from soil.