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Comparisons of physiological and biochemical responses between milkfish (Chanos chanos) and grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella) to cold shock

Kuo, C.M., Hsieh, S.L.
Aquaculture 2006 v.251 no.2-4 pp. 525-536
Chanos chanos, Ctenopharyngodon idella, carp, cold tolerance, physiological response, chemical composition, carbohydrate metabolism, energy metabolism, blood plasma, glucose, lactic acid, lipid content, enzyme activity, citrate (si)-synthase, glucose-6-phosphate 1-dehydrogenase, fructose-bisphosphatase, phosphorylase, lactate dehydrogenase, cold stress, fish culture
Temporal changes in physiological parameters and enzyme activities related to carbohydrate metabolism in the milkfish (Chanos chanos) and the grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella) under cold shock at 15 °C were examined in order to better understand thermal compensation mechanisms of teleosts with different cold tolerances. The plasma glucose, lactate, and lipid contents as well as enzyme activities of citrate synthase, glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase, fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase, phosphorylase a, and lactate dehydrogenase at varying time intervals were monitored. The results show that changes in plasma glucose and lipid contents of the milkfish were more notable than those of the grass carp, but the elevation in plasma lactate contents in the grass carp occurred earlier and was much greater than that in the milkfish. Furthermore, changes in plasma glucose contents in the milkfish were correlated with the enzyme activities of phosphorylase a and fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase, but in the grass carp they were correlated with glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase and lactate dehydrogenase activities instead. In addition, the change in lactate dehydrogenase activity in the grass carp was more notable than those of other enzymes, but lactate dehydrogenase activities in the milkfish steadily decreased during cold compensation. The results demonstrate that the two species (milkfish and grass carp) respond quite differently to cold shock, and this may be related to their differences in cold tolerance.