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Evolutionary analysis of chemokine CXCL16 and its receptor CXCR6 in murine rodents

He, Dan, Hu, Jia, Yang, Rongrong, Zeng, Bo, Yang, Deying, Li, Diyan, Zhang, Mingwang, Yang, Mingyao, Ni, Qingyong, Ning, Ruihong, Fan, Xiaolan, Li, Xiaoyan, Mao, Xueping, Li, Yan
Developmental and comparative immunology 2020 v.109 pp. 103718
CXCR6 receptor, animal models, chemokine CXCL16, genes, genetic variation, mice, statistical analysis
The chemokine CXCL16 and its receptor CXCR6 are implicated in various physiological and pathological processes in cooperative and/or stand-alone fashions. Despite the significance of rodent animal models in elucidating the function and clinical relevance of the chemokine and its receptor, the evolutionary characterization of these molecules remains deficient for this taxon to a certain extent. In this study, we implemented a comparison of synonymous and nonsynonymous variation rates in combination with the maximum likelihood (ML) analysis and Tajima's test to evaluate the interspecific and intraspecific evolutions of CXCL16 and CXCR6 in murine rodents. Our results indicate that adaptive selection has frequently contributed to genetic diversity of both CXCL16 and CXCR6 in the murine lineage that is asynchronous with a relative dependence between these genes. This signature is radically different from the lineage-specific and concordant adaptive diversity of the primate homologues of these genes, which was reported in a previous study. The diversity identified in the present study shed further light on molecular strategies against the challenges towards CXCL16 and CXCR6.