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Antibacterial activity of extracts from family zingiberaceae against foodborne pathogens
- VORAVUTHIKUNCHAI, S.P., LIMSUWAN, S., SUPAPOL, O., SUBHADHIRASAKUL, S.
- Journal of food safety 2006 v.26 no.4 pp. 325-334
- indigenous species, Zingiberaceae, medicinal plants, plant extracts, essential oils, antibacterial properties, natural additives, minimum inhibitory concentration, Bacillus cereus, Staphylococcus aureus, antibiotic resistance, Escherichia coli O157:H7, Salmonella typhi, Shigella, food contamination, bacterial contamination, food pathogens, Thailand
- Chloroformic extracts of selected Thai medicinal plants commonly employed to treat infections were investigated for their antibacterial activity against important foodborne pathogenic bacteria. These included Bacillus cereus, Staphylococcus aureus, methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA), Escherichia coli O157:H7, Salmonella Typhi and Shigella sp. Among 33 extracts tested, only chloroformic extracts of five plant species exhibited antibacterial properties. Alpinia galanga, Boesenbergia rotunda, Zingiber zerumbet and Piper betel were active against S. aureus. Barleria lupulina was active against B. cereus. Only the extract from P. betel leaves possessed activity against gram-negative bacteria. As extracts from the three plant species belonging to family Zingiberaceae displayed strong activity against S. aureus, they were further tested against 17 clinical isolates. Minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) values of B. rotunda, A. galanga and Z. zerumbet extracts against most clinical S. aureus isolates were 0.01, 0.19 and 0.79 mg/mL and the minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) values were 0.19, 1.57 and >12.5 mg/mL, respectively. Significant growth inhibition of MRSA was observed in the cultures incubated in the presence of the B. rotunda extract, A. galanga and Z. zerumbet. B. rotunda exhibited the greatest activity among the three plant species against S. aureus at MIC, 2MIC and MBC within 2 h.