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Survey of Grapevine Vitis vinifera Stem Polyphenols by Liquid Chromatography-Diode Array Detection-Tandem Mass Spectrometry

Pussa, T., Floren, J., Kuldkepp, P., Raal, A.
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry 2006 v.54 no.20 pp. 7488-7494
Vitis vinifera, grapes, stems, polyphenols, chemical constituents of plants, reversed-phase high performance liquid chromatography, mass spectrometry, resveratrol, glucosides, phenolic acids, flavanols, cultivars
Grapes and red wine prepared from Vitis vinifera L. contain a variety of polyphenols. Some information is available about the polyphenols of the seeds and leaves of grapevine, but considerably less is known about the polyphenols of woody stems. In this paper, we describe the results of a study of polyphenolic compounds in grapevine stems. We demonstrate how a combination of reversed phase high-performance liquid chromatography with ultraviolet-diode array detection and electrospray ionization-tandem mass spectrometry ion-trap detection enables characterization of a phytochemical mixture of considerable complexity. As the polyphenol source, the stems of three frost-hardy grapevine varieties [Hasaine (Hasansky) sladki, Zilga, and Yubilei Novgoroda] were used. The main group of methanol-extractable polyphenols of stems consists of trans-resveratrol and its derivatives including oligomers and glucosides. As minor components of the extract, stilbenoid piceatannol as well as a number of nonstilbenoid polyphenols, mostly flavan-3-ols and phenolic acids glucosides, were determined. The total polyphenol content of the grapevine stems depends on the variety, whereby the stems of cultivar Yubilei Novgoroda with white grapes contain significantly less of both groups of polyphenols.