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Knockdown of CTRP6 reduces the deposition of intramuscular and subcutaneous fat in pigs via different signaling pathways

Wu, Wenjing, Ji, Miao, Xu, Ke, Zhang, Dawei, Yin, Yajun, Huang, Xin, Peng, Yongjia, Zhang, Jin
Biochimica et biophysica acta 2020 v.1865 no.8 pp. 158729
adipocytes, adipokines, adipose tissue, animal fats and oils, arachidonic acid, gene expression regulation, gene targeting, genes, lean meat, lipid metabolism, mitogen-activated protein kinase, necrosis, neoplasms, pork quality, sequence analysis, signal transduction, subcutaneous fat, swine, tumor necrosis factors
The regulation of porcine subcutaneous (SC) and intramuscular (IM) fat deposition significantly affects pork quality and the lean meat percentage of the carcass, respectively. The adipokine C1q/tumor necrosis factor-related protein 6 (CTRP6), plays a significant role in regulating animal fat deposition. The purpose of this study was to understand the effects of CTRP6 gene knockdown in IM and SC adipocytes by RNA-seq analysis. A total of 1830 and 2936 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified in SC and IM adipocytes, respectively. 844 were down- and 2092 were upregulated in SC adipocytes, while 648 were down- and 1182 were upregulated in IM adipocytes. Furthermore, 1778 DEGs were detected only in SC adipocytes, 672 DEGs only in IM adipocytes, and 1158 DEGs in both types of adipocytes. GO analysis indicated that DEGs involved in adipocyte differentiation were significantly enriched in both SC and IM adipocytes following treatment with CTRP6-siRNA. Moreover, KEGG pathway enrichment analysis revealed differences of metabolic regulation between IM and SC adipocytes. With CTRP6-silencing, the signaling pathways related to Ras and arachidonic acid metabolism were significantly enriched in IM adipocytes, while four other signaling pathways, encompassing the TNF, MAPK, p53 and adipokine pathway were specifically enriched in SC adipocytes. Interestingly, the effect of CTRP6-siRNA treatment was attenuated by the specific Ras activator ML-097 in IM adipocytes, while the specific p53 activator SJ-172550 had the corresponding effect in SC adipocytes. Altogether, we suggest that CTRP6 may be a differential regulator of the development and metabolism of IM and SC adipose tissues.