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Expression Profiling of the 14-3-3 Gene Family in Response to Salt Stress and Potassium and Iron Deficiencies in Young Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) Roots: Analysis by Real-time RT-PCR
- XU, WEI FENG, SHI, WEI MING
- Annals of botany 2006 v.98 no.5 pp. 965-974
- Solanum lycopersicum var. lycopersicum, tomatoes, roots, salt stress, salinity, salt tolerance, potassium, iron, nutrient deficiencies, gene expression, genes, reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction
- BACKGROUND: and Aims Mineral nutrient deficiencies and salinity constitute major limitations for crop plant growth on agricultural soils. 14-3-3 proteins are phosphoserine-binding proteins that regulate the activities of a wide array of targets via direct protein-protein interactions and may play an important role in responses to mineral nutrients deficiencies and salt stress. In the present study, the expression profiling of the 14-3-3 gene family in response to salt stress and potassium and iron deficiencies in young tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) roots was investigated in order to analyse the 14-3-3 roles of the proteins in these abiotic stresses. METHODS: Sequence identities and phylogenetic tree creation were performed using DNAMAN version 4.0 (Lynnon Biosoft Company). Real-time RT-PCR was used to examine the expression of each 14-3-3 gene in response to salt stress and potassium and iron deficiencies in young tomato roots. Key Results The phylogenetic tree shows that the 14-3-3 gene family falls into two major groups in tomato plants. By using real-time RT-PCR, it was found that (a) under normal growth conditions, there were significant differences in the mRNA levels of 14-3-3 gene family members in young tomato roots and (b) 14-3-3 proteins exhibited diverse patterns of gene expression in response to salt stress and potassium and iron deficiencies in tomato roots. CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that (a) 14-3-3 proteins may be involved in the salt stress and potassium and iron deficiency signalling pathways in young tomato roots, (b) the expression pattern of 14-3-3 gene family members in tomato roots is not strictly related to the position of the corresponding proteins within a phylogenetic tree, (c) gene-specific expression patterns indicate that isoform-specificity may exist in the 14-3-3 gene family of tomato roots, and (d) 14-3-3 proteins (TFT7) might mediate cross-talk between the salt stress and potassium and iron-deficiency signalling pathways in tomato roots.