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Genetic Diversity within and Between Populations of Lathyrus genus (Fabaceae) Revealed by ISSR Markers

Belaïd, Y., Chtourou-Ghorbel, N., Marrakchi, M., Trifi-Farah, N.
Genetic resources and crop evolution 2006 v.53 no.7 pp. 1413-1418
Lathyrus ochrus, Lathyrus cicera, Lathyrus sativus, forage legumes, legumes, field crops, forage crops, genetic variation, population genetics, microsatellite repeats, genetic markers, spatial variation, wild plants, genetic polymorphism, evolution, molecular systematics, plant taxonomy
In order to evaluate the genetic diversity in Lathyrus genus, the Inter Simple Sequence Repeats method (ISSR) was exploited in five populations. These consisted of two cultivated species belonging to section Lathyrus (L. sativus L. and L. cicera L.) and a wild one belonging to the section Clymenum (L. ochrus DC.). Two 3'anchored ISSR primers and two unanchored ones, generated a total of 60 useful polymorphic DNA bands. Our data provide evidence of high molecular polymorphism at the intra- and the inter-specific levels showing that both wild and cultivated forms constitute an important pool of diversity. Moreover, among the generated DNA bands, a 500 bp band, totally absent in the banding patterns of the section Clymenum, appears to be a molecular marker of section Lathyrus. Results provided for lineage and suggest recent origin of these species that might have evolved from a common ancestor producing both L. ochrus species and the two other species L. sativus and L. cicera. These relationships support previous studies based on morphological variation and molecular analysis.