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Molecular cloning and characterization of bovine P-selectin glycoprotein ligand-1

Xu, J., Cai, J., Barger, B.A., Peek, S., Darien, B.J.
Veterinary immunology and immunopathology 2006 v.110 no.1-2 pp. 155-161
transmembrane proteins, complementary DNA, open reading frames, food animals, sequence alignment, cattle, humans, horses, amino acid sequences, mice, monoclonal antibodies, leukocytes, binding sites, glycoproteins
Human P-selectin glycoprotein ligand-1 (PSGL-1) is a dimeric membrane mucin expressed on leukocytes that binds selectins. Here, we report that the open reading frame (ORF) of bovine PSGL-1 (bPSGL-1) cDNA is 1284 base pairs in length, predicting a protein of 427 amino acids including an 18-amino-acid signal peptide, an extracellular region with a mucin-like domain, and transmembrane and cytoplasmic domains. The amino acid sequence of bPSGL-1 demonstrated 52, 49 and 40% overall homology to equine, human and mouse, respectively. A single extracellular cysteine, at the transmembrane and extracellular domain junction, suggests a disulfide-bonding pattern. Alignment of bovine with equine, human and mouse PSGL-1 demonstrates high conservation of transmembrane and cytoplasmic domains, but diversity of the extracellular domain, especially in the anionic NH2-terminal of PSGL-1, the putative P-selectin binding domain. In the NH2-terminal of bPSGL-1, there are three potential tyrosine sulfation sites and three potential threonine O-glycosylation sites, all of which are required for P-selectin binding in human PSGL-1 (hPSGL-1). bPSGL-1 shares only 57% homology in amino acid sequence with the corresponding epitope region which binds the monoclonal antibody PL1 for hPSGL-1, and no cross-reactivity was found in bovine leukocytes. In summary, bPSGL-1 shares homology with hPSGl-1, but has differences in the putative extracellular P-selectin binding domain.