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Lipid oxidation in n-3 fatty acid enriched Dutch style fermented sausages

Pelser, W.M., Linssen, J.P.H., Legger, A., Houben, J.H.
Meat science 2007 v.75 no.1 pp. 1-11
water content, fermented foods, sausages, pork, backfat, linseed oil, canola oil, meat emulsions, soy protein, protein isolates, fish oils, microencapsulation, food processing quality, nutrient content, omega-3 fatty acids, omega-6 fatty acids, storage quality, oxidative stability, lipid peroxidation, food enrichment, enriched foods, shelf life, polyunsaturated fatty acids, saturated fatty acids, food packaging, aerobic conditions, protein content, lipid content, Netherlands
Dutch style fermented sausages were manufactured with a substitution of 10%, 15% and 20% of pork backfat by flaxseed oil and canola oil, pre-emulsified with soy protein isolate. The 15% and 20% substitution were also reached by adding encapsulated flaxseed oil and encapsulated fish oil and by adding flaxseed oil, pre-emulsified with sodium caseinate, respectively. The products were sliced, packaged in an oxygen-enriched atmosphere and stored in the dark for 12 weeks at 7 °C. No differences were detected in moisture, protein and fat content between control and modified sausages, with the exception of the formulation with sodium caseinate. The PUFA/SFA ratio increased from 0.30 in the control to 0.42-0.48 in the sausages with canola oil and to 0.49-0.71 in the sausages with flaxseed oil. The n - 6/n - 3 ratio decreased from 11.20 in the control to 6.94-5.12 in the sausages with canola oil and to 1.93-1.05 in the sausages with flaxseed oil. The addition of canola oil and encapsulated flaxseed oil resulted in a comparable shelf life as the control in terms of lipid oxidation. In the samples with addition of pre-emulsified flaxseed oil, especially with sodium caseinate, lipid oxidation clearly increased during storage. Physical and sensory analysis showed that the sausages with encapsulated fish oil and flaxseed oil resembled the control most.