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Dietary supplementation with 11trans- and 12trans-18:1 and oxidative stress in humans

Kuhnt, Katrin, Wagner, Andreas, Kraft, Jana, Basu, Samar, Jahreis, Gerhard
American journal of clinical nutrition 2006 v.84 no.5 pp. 981-988
men, women, diet, lipid content, trans fatty acids, fat intake, human physiology, lipid metabolism, oxidative stress, biomarkers, urine, blood chemistry, guanosine, tocopherols, vitamin A, prostaglandins, conjugated linoleic acid, risk assessment, risk groups, Europeans, diet-related diseases, Europe
BACKGROUND: High consumption of trans fat has been associated with high oxidative stress in humans, which could increase the risk of the development or acceleration of several diseases, such as atherosclerosis, cancer, and type 2 diabetes. OBJECTIVE: Several urinary and blood biomarkers of oxidative stress [8-iso-prostaglandin-F₂α (PGF₂α), 15-keto-dihydro-PGF₂α, and 7,8-dihydro-8-oxo-2'-deoxy-guanosine in urine and α-,β-,γ-,δ-tocopherol, and retinol in plasma] were monitored to evaluate the oxidative stress induced by dietary supplementation of 11trans- and 12trans-18:1 isomers in humans during a 6-wk intervention. DESIGN: After a 14-d adaptation period free of trans fatty acid supplementation (baseline), the test group (n = 12) received 3.0 g 11trans-18:1/d and 3.0 g 12trans-18:1/d (Σ 6.0 g/d), and the control group (n = 12) consumed a control oil free of trans fatty acids and conjugated linoleic acids for 6 wk. RESULTS: The postintervention concentration of urinary 8-iso-PGF₂α (free radical-induced lipid peroxidation) in the test group was significantly higher than baseline and significantly higher than that observed in the control group. The concentrations of 15-keto-dihydro-PGF₂α (cyclooxygenase-mediated inflammatory response indicator) and 7,8-dihydro-8-oxo-2'-deoxy-guanosine (oxidative DNA damage) were not affected by the 11trans- and 12trans-18:1 supplementation. CONCLUSIONS: Although an increase in urinary 8-iso-PGF₂α was observed and the effects of prolonged high (ie, >5.0 g/d) consumption of trans fat could be relevant to the development of disease, the mean intakes of 11trans- and 12trans-18:1 in Europeans are estimated to be significantly below the amounts administered in this study (ie, 6.0 g/d); such low intakes could minimize the possible risk of detrimental effects on human health.