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Analysis of European and North American Maize Inbred and Hybrid Lines by Monolithic and Perfusion Reversed-Phase High-Performance Chromatography and Multivariate Analysis

Rodriguez-Nogales, J.M., Garcia, M.C., Marina, M.L.
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry 2006 v.54 no.23 pp. 8702-8709
Zea mays, corn, inbred lines, hybrids, plant proteins, protein composition, reversed-phase high performance liquid chromatography, statistical analysis, principal component analysis, multivariate analysis, cluster analysis, Europe, North America
Monolithic and perfusion RP-HPLC methods have been employed for the separation of maize proteins from several European and North American inbred and hybrid lines in analysis times close to 4 min for the perfusion column and close to 8 min for the monolithic column. A study of the repeatability of the protein extraction conditions and of the perfusion and monolithic RP-HPLC methods was performed, indicating low values of variance for the relative peak areas and for the retention times. On the other hand, a low inter-kernel variability of these chromatographic parameters was also found, confirming the possibility of a variety identification and classification of maize inbred and hybrid lines by using a RP-HPLC analysis of the maize proteins. A multivariate analysis of the chromatographic data was carried out in order to characterize and identify the inbred and hybrid maize lines. Cluster analysis of the data showed how far or closely related were the maize lines. Principal component analysis showed that protein chromatographic data had enough information to distinguish between the different groups of maize lines. Finally, a linear discriminant analysis enabled the correct classification of the inbred and hybrid lines according to their geographical origin showing the best percentage of cases correctly classified for monolithic RP-HPLC.