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QEEG - spectral power density of brain regions in predicting risk, resistance and resilience for bipolar disorder: A comparison of first degree relatives and unrelated healthy subjects

Sermin Kesebir, Ahmet Yosmaoğlu
Heliyon 2020 v.6 no.6 pp. e04100
bipolar disorder, brain, cognition, heritability, lithium, neurophysiology, people, risk, temperament
Temperament stems from the brain circuitry. Genetic differences among people are attributable to differences in neurophysiological function. Affective temperament is proposed endophenotype for bipolar affective disorder. QEEG - spectral power density is thought to be an index of general affective and cognitive brain activity. The association of spectral power density with types of affective temperament may enlighten endophenotypes for bipolar affective disorder disposition.TEMPS-A scale and rest QEEG were done on 25 euthymic patients, their healthy first degree relatives (n = 25) and 25 unrelated healthy control subjects. All patients were on lithium maintenance therapy.F4 and T4 delta wave activity were similar between patients and first degree relatives, while Pz alpha activity was similar in first degree relatives and unrelated healthy subjects (p = 0.025, p = 0.001, p = 0.010). Cyclothymic and hyperthymic temperament scores were similar between patients and first degree relatives but higher than unrelated healthy subjects (p = 0.015, p = 0.010). F7 beta and F7–O2 high beta power were correlated with hyperthymic and irritable temperaments respectively in bipolar subjects (r = 0.439, 0.387; 0.405, 0.364; 0.226, 0.351). T3-F4-T4 delta powers were correlated with cyclothymic temperament in patients and their first degree relatives (r = 0.443, 0.420, 505). Pz alpha power and hyperthymic temperament were inversely correlated in first degree relatives and unrelated healthy subjects (r = -0.256 and -0.311).Medial temporal network may be associated with bipolar affective disorder heritability. On the other hand, left dorsolateral prefrontal beta and high beta activities may be a neural marker for disorder resistance together with right occipital high beta power.