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Effect of grazing pastures of different botanical composition on antioxidant enzyme activities and oxidative stability of lamb meat

Petron, M.J., Raes, K., Claeys, E., Lourenco, M., Fremaut, D., Smet, S. de
Meat science 2007 v.75 no.4 pp. 737-745
lambs, lamb feeding, mixed grazing, Lolium, forage legumes, botanical composition, lamb meat, meat quality, oxidative stability, antioxidant activity, antioxidants, enzymes, superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase, catalase, proteolysis, lipid peroxidation, color, discoloration, alpha-tocopherol, thiols, carbonyl compounds
The aim of this work was to study the influence of different pastures (Intensive ryegrass, Botanically diverse and Leguminosa rich pastures) on the antioxidant status and oxidative stability of meat from lambs that had been exclusively grazing for three months. Lipid, colour and protein oxidation, α-tocopherol content and activity of antioxidant enzymes (superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (Cat) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px)) were measured in Longisimus thoracis et lumborum muscle samples taken 1 day after slaughter. Pasture type significantly affected protein oxidation and the activity of GSH-Px, but no significant differences were found for the α-tocopherol content, colour and lipid oxidation, and the activities of SOD and Cat. Grazing a Botanically diverse pasture induced significantly higher protein oxidation in meat, as measured by the free thiol and carbonyl contents, compared to a Leguminosa rich or Intensive ryegrass pasture (P < 0.05). The GSH-Px activity was significantly higher in meat from lambs on the Leguminosa rich pasture compared to the other pasture groups (P < 0.01).