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USDA's trade adjustment assistance for farmers: The raspberry industry
- Ruan, J., Buccola, S., Pick, D.
- Agribusiness 2007 v.23 no.1 pp. 101-115
- agricultural subsidies, governmental programs and projects, government payments, agricultural programs and projects, USDA, fruits (food), raspberries, market prices, import policies, market competition, market access, specialty crops, supply balance, demand functions, econometric models, United States
- The Trade Adjustment Assistance Program, created in the Trade Act of 2002, authorizes temporary payments to farmers hurt by import competition. The Act requires petitioning farmers to demonstrate that prices have fallen by at least the statutory minimum proportion, and importantly, as a result of rising foreign competition. With the raspberry industry as an example, we show that credible demonstration of import harm requires an econometric model distinguishing domestic from foreign impacts on U.S. prices. We construct such a model and use it to argue that raspberry producers - and specialty crops in general - will infrequently qualify for program assistance, despite recent apparent evidence of import-induced price damage.