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Effect of rosemary extract, chitosan and α-tocopherol on microbiological parameters and lipid oxidation of fresh pork sausages stored at 4 °C

Georgantelis, D., Ambrosiadis, I., Katikou, P., Blekas, G., Georgakis, S.A.
Meat science 2007 v.76 no.1 pp. 172-181
sausages, ground pork, food preservation, rosemary, plant extracts, chitosan, alpha-tocopherol, raw meat, oxidative stability, antioxidants, antioxidant activity, lipid peroxidation, natural additives, food storage, cold storage, refrigeration, storage time, shelf life, synergism, antimicrobial properties, Enterobacteriaceae, Pseudomonas, yeasts, molds (fungi), lactic acid bacteria, peroxide value, pH, malondialdehyde, microbial growth
The effect of rosemary extract, chitosan and α-tocopherol, added individually or in combination, on microbiological parameters and lipid oxidation of fresh pork sausages stored for 20 days at 4 °C was investigated. Microbiological determinations included the enumeration of Enterobacteriaceae, Pseudomonas spp., total viable count, yeasts and moulds and lactic acid bacteria, while pH values were also determined. Lipid oxidation was evaluated through measurement of primary (peroxide value) and secondary (malondialdehyde concentration) oxidation products. Chitosan addition resulted in significant (P <or= 0.05) inhibition of microbial growth, while the lowest microbial counts were obtained in the samples containing both chitosan and rosemary, indicating a possible synergistic effect. Chitosan and its combinations with either α-tocopherol or rosemary, and especially the latter combination, showed also the most intense antioxidative effect (P <or= 0.05), at least when compared to α-tocopherol alone or the controls, while use of rosemary extract alone had a comparable (P > 0.05) antioxidative effect with chitosan and its combinations. Shelf life of samples containing chitosan was almost doubled compared to the remaining samples. In conclusion, the best antimicrobial and antioxidative effects were obtained from the combination of chitosan with the rosemary extract.