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Aerosol delivery of virulent Mycobacterium bovis to cattle
- Palmer, M.V., Waters, W.R., Whipple, D.L.
- Tuberculosis 2002 v.82 no.6 pp. 275
- bovine tuberculosis, Mycobacterium bovis, host strains, infection, aerosols, inoculation methods, animal models, calves, lesions (animal), tissue distribution, disease severity, dose response, cattle diseases
- Setting: Although animal models of aerosol inoculation of Mycobacterium tuberculosis and M. bovis have been reported using laboratory animals, a model of aerosol delivery of M. bovis to cattle has not been reported previously. Objective: Develop and characterize a model of aerosol delivery of M. bovis to cattle, and compare the distribution of lesions in cattle infected with either of two different strains of M. bovis, one isolated from cattle (HC2005T), and the other isolated from white-tailed deer (1315). Design: Cattle (n=20, female and castrated males) aged 4 months, were infected with 1x10³ (n=5) or 1x10⁵ (n=5) colony-forming units (CFU) of M. bovis 1315 or 1x10³ (n=5) or 1x10⁵ (n=5) CFU of M. bovis HC2005T. Calves were infected using a commercially available aerosol delivery system. One hundred fifty-five days after infection, calves were euthanized, examined and tissues collected for microscopic analysis and bacteriologic culture. Results: Nineteen of 20 calves developed tuberculosis. Typical tuberculous lesions were most pronounced in the lungs and tracheobronchial and mediastinal lymph nodes. Conclusion: The system described provides a reliable method of aerosol delivery of M. bovis to cattle. Lesion distribution suggests that the aerosolized inoculum was delivered deep into pulmonary alveoli and thus represents true aerosol exposure. Disease was more severe in groups receiving the highest dose of either inoculum strain; however, differences between strains were not seen.