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Interdependence of udder quarters for new intramammary infection during the dry period in cows submitted to selective antibiotic therapy
- Robert, A., Bareille, N., Roussel, P., Poutrel, B., Heuchel, V., Seegers, H.
- Journal of dairy research 2006 v.73 no.3 pp. 345-352
- dairy cows, dairy herds, bacterial contamination, drug therapy, antibiotics, disease prevalence, calving, disease control, animal pathogens, mammary gland diseases, milk, udder quarters, bacterial infections, disease incidence
- The aim was to investigate the interdependence of udder quarters within cow towards the incidence of intramammary infections during the dry period in herds under selective dry-cow antibiotic therapy. A total of 368 cows among 28 herds were included in a survey. Quarter milk samples collected at the last milking before drying-off and on day 3 after calving were submitted to microbiological procedures. An expected distribution of cows according to their number of newly infected quarters was calculated based on a binomial probability distribution from the overall quarter incidence (or from the quarter incidence in each herd) and compared with the observed distribution. Incidence of newly infected quarters ranged from 0·0 to 39·3%, depending on the herd (median: 17·7%). Interdependence of quarters towards new infection during the dry period was observed whatever the pathogen type, for both treated and untreated cows. Calculation of an expected distribution of cows according to their number of newly infected quarters using the quarter incidence in each herd (instead of the overall quarter incidence) reduced the distance to the observed distribution, but interdependence was still observed. Our results support the application of selective antibiotic therapy at the cow level rather than at the quarter level.